Tag Archives: Freedom of Expression

“Censorship is the new sterilisation”

Censorship is the new sterilisation

Censorship is the new sterilisation, by Anand Philip

A friend, R, and I were having one of our heated political debates a year ago. She and I are both from developing countries and my banter with her always had the air of a wronged underdog using her freedom of speech to talk about things that she knew were almost impossible to make right. It was my only recourse, and while an onlooker may have had the impression of women fighting, we were really just making our passions heard to a compassionate ear: human to human, friend to friend, woman to woman – pure catharsis.

In these discussions, I was the younger, usually more naïve, and possibly hence, the more hopeful one. She would often have to explain to me how fashion trends varied from the 60s to the 90s as I was usually ignorant and couldn’t always tell the difference. I had my defense – I was still a young girl when satellite television came to India, and I never caught on as I came to hate television anyway, giving me an excuse for my ignorance.

One of my rants with R over a year ago was about debates in the UK on foreign aid during the recession. I was telling her about an article I agreed with in part, but was also furious about for several reasons – amongst these, my pet peeve – what I read as criticism of government spending on India’s space programme. I was discussing with her how the article showed the lack of knowledge of how technology can aid social development, and space technology in particular, as well as the other side of the coin – how it can be misused, of which Indian examples abound.

My rants led to the small matter of sterilisation, and the campaign in India in the 70s. I was discussing aid policy and development goals, expressing how the problem in distribution of food and related issues is turned into one of overpopulation, misrepresented for policy goals and responded to with quick fixes, while real, harder solutions are not considered.

Her response was, “It was the 70s, baby!”

I was confused. She told me how at the time, any government that needed to show any clout anywhere would take to sterilisation; it was ‘the in thing’.

Guns and colonisation, genetics and eugenics, nuclear physics and the atomic bomb – there’s a list over which if you do not think hard enough, has the danger to turn people on technology itself.

When the NYT reported how major technology companies were being summoned by the government to help screen content, it struck me as the newest fad. What was possibly worse was the fact that it was misrepresented as efforts to clamp down on hate speech.

One doesn’t need genius to figure it out: in economies where information is power, where do you clamp down first?

The answer’s obvious.

Everyone’s doing it, all over the world, directly or indirectly. And retaliation can range from asking for content to be taken down, to legal action, and even murder.

So that’s the newest global fad: censorship.

As I expressed this at the Make Blog not War Workshop, several of us agreed: “Censorship is the new sterilisation.”

This is no deep revelation, but perhaps it brings caution. Each of these experiments has caused damage that cannot be repaired for decades. Mara Hvistendahl’s research has uncovered how fears of overpopulation fuelled the boom in sex-selection – the result being 30- 40 million “bare branches” at the end of this decade in China alone.

I find that the trend of censorship, and especially the abetting environment in our country, where citizens are almost encouraged to take offense, must cause alarm. I’m not sure we will be able to repair the damage in decades.

Thank you Anand for putting it visually.

I live elsewhere now, and I don’t have R to rant with as often. But I know I can depend on other bloggers to add their voice to my rants. Perhaps we’ll get somewhere; even if we don’t we will at least have exercised our right to free speech – catharsis.

This is a post for Make Blog Not War: a freedom of expression training workshop for bloggers, organized by the Internet Democracy Project.

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The right to dissent

I was reluctant to post this.

You may have noticed, my specialty is one but I have many diverging interests. Too many, if there is such a thing. So, having drafted this, I was asking myself, why does a person like Amruta have to write about the Freedom of Speech? What does she have to do with sedition or exploitative laws. I thought I was bringing myself back down to the ground, keeping a check on my dreams.

But we know what has happened since then. The gruesome murder of Pakistani journalist Saleem Shahzad shook me up last night. This should matter not only to Pakistanis, but to people in the subcontinent. Without trying to sound alarming, the events in Pakistan should be a reminder to Indians to work towards repealing laws that threaten our basic freedoms.

Be it laws on alleged sedition, homosexuality (it is still to be challenged in the Supreme Court), blasphemy, or the proposed new IT rules, things are getting out of hand. Our sovereignty – not of the State, but of citizens – is under threat.


Before I say any more, I should note that I didn’t follow Dr. Binayak Sen‘s case closely until about six months ago. I am not sure why, but I didn’t see much about him in the international media that I am usually exposed to, nor the major Indian publications I was familiar with.

This ignorance will reflect in what I am about to tell you. In order to keep things as clear as possible, I will do my best to avoid interpretations of what was said on Monday evening, minimise my take, and only share my notes on what I heard yesterday. The full talk and performance will be available to watch on video that a friend is to upload soon.

On the 30th of May, I first attended an art show, convened by Tushar Joag, and then a discussion that included a distinguished (this word is appropriate at this time, believe me) panel and a mind-blowing Dastangoi performance that concluded the evening.

From what I understand, the artists were brought together by Tushar Joag in support of the case of Dr. Binayak Sen and our right to dissent. Joag’s piece was one where he confined himself to a 5’x3′ space, allowing only access to a washroom. He spent his time writing the following line in as many books as possible: “I will not lose faith in the Indian judiciary and democracy.” Visitors were encouraged to help by penning the line on as many pages as possible in the books that were available just outside the installation. I contributed seven pages.

The works on display included video installations on Kashmir and Assam, the Preamble of the Constitution of India projected in Braille on a large prayerbook, and several others.

I have to say that writing those lines in that book was liberating, in a quiet little way. It was real and it meant something, meditative and profound.

The panel included Advocate Mihir Desai, journalist Jyoti Punwani, Lawyer Flavia Agnes, Dr. Ilina Sen, Dean at Wardha University also the wife of Dr. Binayak Sen, and Dr. Binayak Sen himself. Justice P. B. Sawant who was supposed to be present was unable to make it for health reasons.

It is rare for speakers to hold your attention and present a topic in several different perspectives, each as enlightening as the other if not more. Each and every one of these speakers did this and more – there was substance in every word.

The one observation I will make is this: I was at Kashish (the Mumbai International Queer Film Festival), over the weekend. I had the chance to watch ‘I Am’ by Onir. The Director, Onir, was present for a Q&A session along with the actor Sanjay Suri after the screening. The one point the Director made was this: we wanted to show how the law can be misused to terrorise citizens. I don’t need to say more to point out the parallels between sedition, AFSPA, Section 377.

The repeal of Section 377 is still to be challenged in the Supreme Court and we hope that good sense will prevail. Also, the new Internet Control Rules proposed by the government will surely matter to all Indian Internet users and will affect the Freedom of Expression deeply.

I was mostly too engrossed to take notes. I suggest you come back in a few days, Satyen Bordoloi is expected to put up the recordings of the entire evening, discussion and performance, on his YouTube channel. I will embed the videos once they are uploaded.

This was also the first meeting in India where I have seen real respect (you have to excuse me for being away for so long), not the fake fawning kind that attaches ten ‘Shri’s before every name hoping their grovelling behaviour will be noticed. The panelists referred to Binayakji as ‘Binayak’, and the audience referred to him as ‘Sir’. There were no special invitees who were mentioned before the speakers began the meeting. A refreshing change.


Update on 5 June, circa 3 pm

Satyen has posted the videos on his YouTube channel. Here they are, in the order of events on 30 May:

Dr. Binayak Sen’s press conference (I was not present for this first one):

Advocate Mihir Desai: A brief history of sedition

Lawyer Flavia Agnes

Ilina Sen on Binayakji’s arrest and trauma

Dr. Binayak Sen

The Dastangoi performance: Dastan-E-Sedition (in Urdu and Hindi)

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